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Aubrey de Manche of Duche de Normannus (Norman) by Gambargin Aubrey de Manche of Duche de Normannus (Norman) by Gambargin
A Concept Drawing of Norman Woman Warrior in the Historically Wrong Sketch Series: Medieval Revisited, which is roughly based on the Middle ages covering 800 AD to 1400 AD. Duche de Normannus is based on the historical stronghold of the Normans, the duchy of Normandy, whom the famed person William the Conqueror launched his invasion of England from.

Inspired by the following theme : Rokatancby Vox Vulgaris (Medieval Style Jousting Music)

Disclaimer: I am by no means expert in History, just a humble man with passion for learning history. Also, English is not my first language so if you do find any errors or would like to make a correction/feedback, please feel free let me know :)


INTRODUCTION

History of the Middle ages is never complete without the Normans! They may have been famous for invading England and defeated the Anglo-Saxons in the 11th century, but their reputation lies in their ambition, conquest and piety! With the blood of their Viking ancestors running in their veins, these Normans were truly one of Europe's most fearsome war-machine, whose legacy could be found in many corners of Europe, much of Mediterranean world and as far as Levantine.

DRAWING COMMENTARIES

The Woman depicted here in the drawing is Baroness Aubrey of Manche, the daughter of One of Normandy's Count, dressed in stylized Norman chain mail, the kettle helmet with nose guard as well as (poorly drawn) Kite shield. Please excuse the sword as it may not be the most accurate Norman sword depicted. Nevertheless, It was rather rare to find Norman women who took part in battle, as compared to the Anglo Saxons or their Viking ancestors. But given the nature of their battle attires, it would probably cover the gender very well if the women did took part in the war led by Normans.

As for historical figures, There's a record of a Norman lady who fought in battle by the name of Isabel of Conches. Her chronicler described her as having "Amazon"quality, and it was said that she rode to battle dressed in knight.


Credit goes to :iconironsides11:, :iconakitku:, :iconbrowncoatmando: and :iconschweinebeine: for the inspirations :)


REFERENCES AND OTHER RELATED MEDIA

Maybe Related to:

The Normans of South Italy de Argentant Sisters of Mezzogiorno (Italo-Norman) by Gambargin, the Anglo Saxons Frua Aelfwynn of Seaxna Rice (Anglo-Saxons) by Gambargin the Scandinavian Gunnhildr Freysdottir of Vikingrunionen (Norse) by Gambargin, the Celts Deirdriu and Gwenhwyfar of Celtic Alliance (Celts) by Gambargin


A Part of the Historically Wrong Sketch Series: Medieval Revisited - You can find more on the various faction on the map here:

HWS Medieval Revisited - Faction Map v.1.30 by Gambargin


HISTORICAL COMMENTARIES


Europe in the Middle Ages were the land of warriors and constant war. With war, came along great warriors and Normans were one of the most well known in the history of Europe. The Normans, or "North Men" as they were referred to by the Franks, were originally Vikings that raided the northern part of West Francia. When the treaty made by the king Charles III gave the Viking their own piece of land to rule in the northern coast, they soon began intermingling with the Franks and the romanized Gauls, giving birth to people what we refer to today as Normans. But that's just a surface of who they were, but what does history says about who the Normans really were?

We all have heard of their conquest on England and Southern Italy, and quite possibly, this gave them somewhat antagonistic image, at least to the English speaking world. Indeed, the wherever the Normans went and to the extend, the ruling dynasties and realm they founded, remained in lesser light as compared to the contemporary history of France, England and pretty much, the rest of western world. For example, the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 didn't sit well with sympathizer of local dynasties of Germanic and Celtic origin who viewed this, foreign French-speaking invaders, begrudgingly. Another example would be how small history has portrayed Normans contribution to French, Italy and to the lesser extend, the Crusades.

But let's take a look at a different perspective here. The Normans who invaded England, under the invading force of William the Bastard, later known as William the Conqueror, was seen as one of the marking points where mounted warfare and combined tactics would dominate the battlefield of the medieval world for centuries to come. Once they had established their rule in England, the Normans took the previous Anglo-Saxon political and legal institutions and reformed them under strong leadership, that fused strong government, democracy, law, and individual freedom/rights that would be the hallmark of England to the rest of Medieval world. This applies to the Celtic realm as well, such as parts of Ireland, Wales and to lesser degrees, the Kingdom of Isles and Scotland. In short, while the Anglo-Saxon created the Kingdom of England; the credit for the creation of a United Kingdom of England Wales, Channel Islands, Isle of Man, Scotland and parts of Ireland goes to the Normans. Unfortunately, with the rise of Irish, Welsh, English and Scottish nationalism, the Norman Legacy in England became somewhat diminished.

But how did the Norman manage to do so? We know that the Normans were the descendant of Vikings, whose ferocity and thirst for conquest must have passed down from their Norse forefathers. But the Normans were different, and why they are different can be attributed to the fact that, while the Vikings were pretty much a disunited force, held only by strong leadership, the Normans developed a sense of unity, something that they identified themselves with, regardless one's backgrounds. A good example of these was on how Norman Mercenaries who served 2 different sides in southern Italy often fought each other; they seemed to mind very little since there's always opportunities to ransoms their comrades and be joined together in spirit. Apart from that, their reputation for bravery, ferocity as well careful planning and timed execution of tactics, earned them reputation which made them famous (this was especially true in Southern Italy). Eventually, through their capacity for leadership as well as cunning business skills, coupled with their adaptability and tolerance (in most cases), allowed them to absorb the best of what southern Italy has to offer, highly advance Byzantine and/or Islamic bureaucratic and financial structures, forming one of the most powerful, and certainly one of the richest feudal state in western Europe.

In the perspective of Western Christian world, especially during the high Middle Ages, the Normans were reputably some of the fiercest and most pious. When they settled in Normandy, they adopted the Carolingian Feudalism and Christianity, only later to grow into something much more influential as compared to their French overlords. This can be traced back to the Duke William of Normandy, later, King of England. Though he was just a duke who "owed" allegiance to the French King, he was by no mean a simple servant of the French Monarch. For the start, he was able to superbly govern his domain, as well as crushing any opponents that came in his way. Duke William of Normandy astonishing ability as military general and army commander earned him the loyalty of his men and the militaristic aristocracy. He even managed to build relation with the Papacy and earned him the rights to claim the English Throne, sanction by the Pope himself, as well as building relationships with other European rulers of his rights to the throne. By then William the Bastard was no longer just another bastard pretender and vassal of France, but rather, Independent, powerful and ambitious Duke with a Kingdom to conquer across the English Channel, which he did in 1066. His warlike aristocracy would later dominate much of the medieval world, a contrast to old feudalism practice which was common in Capetian France. Normandy, for the next century, bred the new Norman warrior class, which saw their service in many corners of Europe. The good relationship between the Normans and Popes could also be seen by the numbers of Christian abbeys the Norman founded, as well as their large contribution of armed men and finance during the first crusade. Though the Principality of Antioch which the Norman founded remained to be largely studied, it nevertheless remains an important part to the History of Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Add a Comment:
 
:icona-chenery:
A-Chenery Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2015  Hobbyist Writer
As ever, love the extra detail in the background... and not just because I think people in duck-face helmets need stabbing :p
Reply
:iconprofbathrobe:
ProfBathrobe Featured By Owner Feb 9, 2015  Hobbyist Interface Designer
Her expression kinda looks like she's all "Dammit guys stop dying and screaming so bad, these arrows don't even hurt. Why do I even hang out with you? Ya'll can't even war right." 
Reply
:iconaristi1982:
aristi1982 Featured By Owner Feb 9, 2015  Hobbyist
Great one... Is amazing how you can deliver "woman" with just the eyes! For, in this case, with all that armor, you can´t tell, but the eyes DO tell. Excellent job!
Reply
:iconmistazaku-dono:
MistaZaku-Dono Featured By Owner Feb 9, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
So awesome :D
Reply
:iconfandaloriansa:
FandalorianSA Featured By Owner Feb 9, 2015
Norman descendents have a way of getting around. I should know, since I'm on the southern tip of the African continent. Hehe
Reply
:iconvixenfurr:
Vixenfurr Featured By Owner Feb 5, 2015  Hobbyist Writer
This is so awesome!! :D 
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 6, 2015
Thank you :)
Reply
:iconsolidsamurai:
SolidSamurai Featured By Owner Edited Dec 11, 2014
Many norman names in the early days are still used today, such as William, Robert, Ralph, Walter, and Geoffrey.
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Dec 13, 2014
Indeed, that's true.
Reply
:iconschweinebeine:
Schweinebeine Featured By Owner Feb 7, 2014
don't be too hard on yourself! the character looks pretty authentic! :D it looks great. actually, you've inspired me to draw more normans in my daily college sketches :P
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 12, 2014
Hahaha thanks man! I just begun reading the Norman history myself, gives me the urge to draw :)
Reply
:iconakitku:
akitku Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
She looks really good! The picture is really dynamic. This is probably one of my favourite (aesthetically) type of armour. And I like the snarl! ;)
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014
Thanks akitku, maybe it's different than the actual normans you may have in mind, but i'm glad that you like it. :)
Reply
:iconsteved4ve:
SteveD4ve Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2014
love it! love everything about the concepts and the pictures. You're a legend.
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014
Thank you steve, i'm glad you like it!
Reply
:iconsusandevy:
susandevy Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
awesomeness !
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014
:D:D:D:D
Reply
:iconlamnay:
lamnay Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2014
Nice, the sword does look a little too pointed though.
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014
Ah yes, the sword, but thanks for the compliment nevertheless :)
Reply
:iconartlovr59:
artlovr59 Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2014   Photographer
Good one!!
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014
Thanks :)
Reply
:iconartlovr59:
artlovr59 Featured By Owner Feb 5, 2014   Photographer
You're welcome!
Reply
:iconyossepha:
Yossepha Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2014
i love armor of this périod.
long chainmail, helmet with nose guard and the shield so caratéristic
great work as usual.
For the history Willian is know as Guillaume le Conquérant in french
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014
Thank you yoseepha, I'm glad you like the art :)
Reply
:iconbrowncoatmando:
BrowncoatMando Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2014  Hobbyist

as I write them the Normans eventually win. Good to know who helped lead that effort. 

The 1060s could get very bloody indeed, as long as it happens from 1066 to before 1100 or so there's also no conflict with "Heroes in the Hills"

Got my answer- There's a Gunhildr Freysdottir who fought in that 3 way battle, she is an ancestor of the Gunhildr Freysdottitr who helped Deirderu nicDomnhail in the 1130s(that family just keeps recycling names) totally works

Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014
Indeed! Interesting point you mention there.
Reply
:iconryanryzzo:
RyanRyzzo Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
"Dex aie!" as they would cry.
The Normans are probably my most favourite culture. They have that very Roman way of writing things down and methodical building of fortifications.
Great depiction :D
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014
"God be with Us", i certainly love the battle cry as well, i'd imagine then using it when attacking the anglo-saxons or the muslims in sicily back then.

Norman history is actually quite interesting to study, they pretty much left their legacy from England, France, Italy and up to oriental east like Aleppo :D
Reply
:iconroranhawkins:
RoranHawkins Featured By Owner Feb 5, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Everything about that arrogant group of Viking raiders who were allowed to settle in Normandy to protect the mainland of the West Frankish Kingdom against other vikings from sailing down the Seine to Paris, who two centuries later decided they could take England and Sicily because the Pope liked them is interesting.

:D

Also interesting is that as a result they have the most interesting mix of armour. Normans wear chainmails as well as Nordic types of scale armour but also Islamic scale armours. 

Reply
:iconironsides11:
ironsides11 Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2014
Its great to see a Norman depicted in your style!!! I found a fascinating series of lectures on the Normans that you might like normancenturies.com/.

btw, I'm really liking the huge amount of chainmail I've been seeing lately in your works. :D
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014
Really? I'm glad to hear that you like my chainmail...it's a bit different than the usual portrayal of chainmail though. If you notice, its just a very very very tiny scales, with added shading :D

And thanks for the link!
Reply
:iconroranhawkins:
RoranHawkins Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
I like the looks of it, but she seems strangely slender, but only a tiny little bit, to me. I might just be overdoing ti too though. That, and a kettle helmet is one with a broad rim. This would be a nasal helmet. (Although the earliest mention of a kettle helmet in English sources is around 1011, about exactly the time period you're portraying)

As ever, I love your backgrounds, I wish I could create atmospheres like that :)
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014
I think i can see your point there, she is a bit slender, probably because i just applied chainmail over the base body, taking little regards of the padding and clothing in between :P. And thanks for the correction on the helmet! :)

For the background, i think you're already good in that!
Reply
:iconroranhawkins:
RoranHawkins Featured By Owner Feb 5, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thanks , and yes, you got exactly what I meant :3
Reply
:iconterriprayutm:
terriprayutm Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2014
You do truly wonderful work!
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014
Thank you!
Reply
:iconcharcoalfeather:
charcoalfeather Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Great capture of the moment. Love the arrows flying in the background and the determined look on her face.
Reply
:icongambargin:
Gambargin Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2014
Thanks for that! I'd imagine she would have ba...i mean nerve of steel :P
Reply
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